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"Nontechnical Guide to Petroleum Geology, Exploration, Drilling and Production" by Norman J. Hyne

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"Nontechnical Guide to Petroleum Geology, Exploration, Drilling and Production" by Norman J. Hyne

"Nontechnical Guide to Petroleum Geology, Exploration, Drilling and Production" by Norman J. Hyne
PennWell nontechnical series. Second Edition
Penn Well Corporation | 2001 | ISBN: 0878114823X 9780878148233 | 583 pages | PDF | 17 MB

This complete upstream guide provides an easy-to-understand explanation of complex topics with pictures, graphs and illustrations covering everything on how oil and gas is formed; how to find commercial quantities; how to drill, evaluate and complete a well; all the way through production and improved oil recovery.

Contents
List of Figures
List of Plates
Preface
Introduction
1 The Nature of Gas and Oil
Petroleum
Chemical Composition
Crude Oil
Natural Gas
Reservoir Hydrocarbons
2 The Earth's Crust - Where We Find It
Rocks and Minerals
Types of Rocks
Structure of the Earth’s Crust
3 Identification of Common Rocks and Minerals
Identification of Minerals
Minerals
Identification of Rocks
Rocks
4 Geological Time
Radioactive Age Dating
Relative Age Dating
The Geological Time Scale
Earth History
5 Deformation of Sedimentary Rocks
Weathering, Erosion, and Unconformities
Anticlines and Synclines
Domes
Homoclines
Fractures
6 Sandstone Reservoir Rocks
Dune Sandstones
Shoreline Sandstones
River Sandstones
Delta Sandstones
7 Carbonate Reservoir Rocks
Reefs
Limestone Platforms
Karst Limestone
Chalk
Dolomite
8 Sedimentary Rock Distribution
Basin Formation
Sedimentary Rock Facies
Subsurface Rock Layers
9 Mapping
Topographic Maps
Geologic Maps
Base Maps
Subsurface Maps
10 Ocean Environment and Plate Tectonics
Ocean Topography
Ocean Sediments
Earth’s Interior
Continental Drift
Seafloor Spreading
Plate Tectonics
Failed Arm Basins
Middle East Oil Fields
11 Source Rocks, Generation, Migration, and Accumulation of Petroleum
Source Rocks
Generation
Migration
Accumulation
Age
Reservoir Rocks
Saturation
Oil Shales
Tar Sands
12 Petroleum Traps
Description
Structural Traps
Stratigraphic Traps
Combination Traps
13 Petroleum Exploration — Geological and Geochemical
Seeps
Geological Techniques
Geochemical Techniques
Plays and Trends
14 Petroleum Exploration — Geophysical
Gravity and Magnetic Exploration
Seismic Exploration
15 Drilling Preliminaries
Land and Leasing
Foreign Contracts
Authority for Expenditure
Drilling Contracts
Joint Operating Agreements and Support Agreements
Site Preparation
Types of Wells
Government Regulations
Cable Tool Rigs
16 Drilling a Well — the Mechanics
Power
Hoisting System
Rotating System
Circulating System
Drilling Operations
17 Drilling Problems
Risk
Subsurface Conditions
Problems while Drilling
18 Drilling Techniques
Straight Hole
Directional Drilling
Air and Foam Drilling
19 Testing a Well
Sample or Lithologic Log
Drilling Time Log
Mud Log
Wireline Well Logs
Measurements and Logging-While-Drilling
Drillstem Test
Repeat Formation Tester
20 Completing a Well
Casing
Bottomhole Completions
Tubing
Wellhead
Chokes
Surface Equipment
Multiple Completions
Intelligent Wells
21 Surface Treatment and Storage
Flowlines
Separators
Gas Treatment
Storage and Measurement
22 Offshore Drilling and Production
Preliminaries
Top Drive
Offshore Crews
Exploratory Drilling
Spudding an Offshore Exploratory Well
Developmental Drilling and Production
Subsea Work
Subsea Completions and Wells
Unstable Sea Bed
23 Workover
Equipment
Well Intervention on Offshore Wells
Preparing the Well
Well Problems
24 Reservoir Mechanics
Reservoir Drives
Maximum Efficient Rate
25 Petroleum Production
Well and Reservoir Pressures
Well Testing
Cased-Hole Logs
Production Logs
Decline Curves
Bypassing and Coning
Cycling
Well Stimulation
Oilfield Brine and Solution Gas Disposal
Surface Subsidence
Corrosion
Production Maps
Stranded Gas
26 Reserves
Recovery Factor
Shrinkage Factor and Formation Volume Factor
Reserves Calculations
Types of Reserves
27 Improved Oil Recovery
Waterflood
Enhanced Oil Recovery
Efficiency
Unitization
Rug and Abandon
Glossary
Figure References
with TOC BookMarkLinks