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"Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes: Approach, Development and Current Status" ed. by Hongbo Du, Audie Thompson and Xinying

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"Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes: Approach, Development and Current Status" ed. by Hongbo Du, Audie Thompson and Xinying

"Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes: Approach, Development and Current Status" ed. by Hongbo Du, Audie Thompson and Xinying Wang
ITExLi | 2018 | ISBN: 9535139223 9789535139225 9535139215 9789535139218 | 272 pages | PDF | 18 MB

This volume is dedicated to osmotically driven membrane processes (ODMPs) and includes forward osmosis (FO) and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) have attracted increasing attention in fields such as water treatment, desalination, power generation, and life science. The ODMPs' approach, fabrications, recent development and applications in wastewater treatment, power generation, seawater desalination, and gas absorption are presented in this book.

In contrast to pressure-driven membrane processes, e.g., reverse osmosis, which typically employs applied high pressure as driving force, ODMPs take advantages of naturally generated osmotic pressure as the sole source of driving force. In light of this, ODMPs possess many advantages over pressure-driven membrane processes. The advantages include low energy consumption, ease of equipment maintenance, low capital investment, high salt rejection, and high water flux. In the past decade, over 300 academic papers on ODMPs have been published in a variety of application fields.

Contents
1 Introductory Chapter: Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes by Felecia Nave, Raghava Kommalapati and Audie Thompson
2 Forward Osmosis Membranes – A Review: Part I
3 Forward Osmosis Membranes – A Review: Part II
4 Effect of Internal and External Concentration Polarizations on the Performance of Forward Osmosis Process
5 Temperature Effect on Forward Osmosis
6 Pressure Dependency of the Membrane Structure Parameter and Implications in Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO)
7 Nonideal Solution Behavior in Forward Osmosis Processes Using Magnetic Nanoparticles
8 Fouling in Forward Osmosis Membranes: Mechanisms, Control, and Challenges
9 Fouling and Cleaning in Osmotically Driven Membranes
10 Forward Osmosis as a Pre-Treatment Step for Seawater Dilution and Wastewater Reclamation
11 Applications of Reverse and Forward Osmosis Processes in Wastewater Treatment: Evaluation of Membrane Fouling
12 Membrane Gas Absorption Processes: Applications, Design and Perspectives

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