Music Of Vladimir Martynov - Kronos Quartet (2012)

Posted By: peotuvave
Music Of Vladimir Martynov - Kronos Quartet (2012)

Music Of Vladimir Martynov - Kronos Quartet (2012)
EAC Rip | Flac (Image + cue + log) | 1 CD | Full Scans | 322 MB
Genre: Classical | Label: Nonesuch | Catalog Number: 529776

Their first release since 2009's critically acclaimed Floodplain, Music of Vladimir Martynov includes three works written for Kronos by the leading Russian composer: The Beatitudes (1998, rescored for Kronos, 2006), Schubert-Quintet (Unfinished) (2009), and Der Abschied (2006). Kronos' artistic director and founder David Harrington says Martynov's music "straddles various points of musical history and time; the music seems to me to reflect and absorb humanity in such a beautiful way."

Born in Moscow in 1946, Martynov was the son of a well-known musicologist and writer. He studied music from a young age and attended the Conservatory before expanding his musical pursuits beyond the traditional classical canon and into folk songs, early music, avant-garde, rock, and electronic music. In 1979, he entered the Spiritual Academy at the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, where he worked on preserving and restoring traditional Russian Orthodox chant. He returned to composition in the 1990s with a new style that combined the traditions of American minimalism with the repetitive chant of Russian Orthodoxy.

For nearly four decades, the Kronos Quartet — David Harrington, John Sherba (violins), Hank Dutt (viola), and Jeffrey Zeigler (cello) — has pursued a singular artistic vision, combining a spirit of fearless exploration with a commitment to expanding the range and context of the string quartet. In the process, Kronos has become one of the most celebrated and influential groups of our time, performing thousands of concerts worldwide, releasing more than 45 recordings of extraordinary breadth and creativity, collaborating with many of the world's most eclectic composers and performers, and commissioning more than 750 works and arrangements for string quartet. In 2011, Kronos became the only recipients of both the Polar Music Prize and the Avery Fisher Prize, two of the most prestigious awards given to musicians. The group's numerous awards also include a Grammy for Best Chamber Music Performance (2004) and "Musicians of the Year" (2003) from Musical America.

Composer: Vladimir Martynov
Orchestra/Ensemble: Kronos Quartet

Reviews: Vladimir Martynov (b.1946) is another of what I call the “Mystic Minimalists,” composers (mostly from Eastern Europe and the Caucasus) who write slow, spacious, tonal, and repetitive music, often informed by spiritual concerns and traditions (for just a couple of examples, the influence of Orthodox liturgy is everywhere in the music of Pärt, and I hear a similar bent in the work of Valentin Silvestrov). Martynov is among the most extreme of the group in his devotional practice, having foresworn composition during the 1980s to research and reconstruct Orthodox chant at a research monastery (my term) near Moscow. I also feel that he has a particular profile as a composer who writes meta-music, music based on other pieces, something that paradoxically erases his individuality and yet also affirms a very special, personal vision.

The three works on the program span a rough decade. The Beatitudes (1998) is a simple phrase, about eight measures, obsessively repeated, with slight variations of texture and harmony on each pass. It’s a form of meditation where the chanting of a mantra leads to an epiphany. That ecstasy is symbolic, as the piece is only about five minutes, but it suggests an almost infinite expanse beyond its conclusion. Schubert Quintet (Unfinished) (2009) is in fact a recomposition of the famous C-Major Quintet, an exceptionally nervy undertaking. Martynov takes selected phrases from the opening and slow movements of the Schubert and explores each progression from a multitude of perspectives. The result is a sort of underwater Schubert, floating and gliding with no sure purpose and yet somehow quite natural. This is in many ways appropriate, as the Schubert Adagio is one of the great early examples of a timeless music (in the biz the term is “non-teleological,” or non-goal-directed). Martynov doesn’t better the master, but I think he does justify the risk he’s taken by making something haunting; one hears the source in dialog with the remaker, in an interplay of love, nostalgia, and a delicately tragic sense.

Those elements come to fullest fruition in Der Abschied (2006), a 40-minute movement that is the big payoff of the program. In this case the work’s source is the last movement of Mahler’s Das Lied von der Erde, and its program is derived from Martynov’s deathbed vigil with his father, evoking the rise and fall of breath from a soul passing from this life (having experienced almost exactly the same a couple of years back, I can testify that Martynov has done his homework here). Isolated chords and fragmentary progressions from the Mahler fade in and out, stopping, then mysteriously restarting. Periodically the actual Mahler will blossom, in an anguished display of emotion. The effect is a bit like a subterranean spring breaking through the surface of Martynov’s more spare interpretation. It feels also a bit to me as though the actual Mahler is playing all the way through, mostly unheard, and then emerges to remind us of its presence, its reality. The piece is long, it should get tiresome or lethargic, but it doesn’t. Repeated listenings have confirmed that it justifies its dimensions.

I’m not fully convinced of the greatness of this music, but I am convinced of its integrity and seriousness of purpose. And when it seems that so much of contemporary culture is devoted to finding the most trivial and demeaning aspects of itself to celebrate, I am so moved by this work that I don’t want to quibble in the ranking game. It’s real art.

And the Kronos should be saluted for its advocacy. This music obviously touches the players’ souls and is in their blood. And the quintet gives a tender opportunity for them to reunite with their original cellist, Joan Jeanrenaud, adding another dimension of poignancy to the proceedings. Highly recommended.


1. The Beatitudes by Vladimir Martynov
Orchestra/Ensemble: Kronos Quartet
Period: 21st Century
Written: 1998/2006

2. Schubert-Quintet (Unfinished) by Vladimir Martynov
Orchestra/Ensemble: Kronos Quartet
Period: 21st Century
Written: 2009

3. Der Abschied by Vladimir Martynov
Orchestra/Ensemble: Kronos Quartet

Exact Audio Copy V1.0 beta 1 from 15. November 2010

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Kronos Quartet / Music Of Vladimir Martynov

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Thanks to the original releaser



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