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VA - Bach: The Essentials (2017)

Posted By: delpotro
VA - Bach: The Essentials (2017)

VA - Bach: The Essentials (2017)
WEB FLAC (tracks) | 02:03:15 | 579 Mb
Classical | Label: Deutsche Grammophon

Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Brandenburg Concertos and the Goldberg Variations as well as for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time.

The Bach family already counted several composers when Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After becoming an orphan at age 10, he lived for five years with his eldest brother, after which he continued his musical development in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar—where he expanded his repertoire for the organ—and Köthen—where he was mostly engaged with chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St. Thomas) in Leipzig. He composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university's student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard and organ music. In Leipzig, as had happened in some of his earlier positions, he had a difficult relation with his employer, a situation that was little remedied when he was granted the title of court composer by the Elector of Saxony and King of Poland in 1736. In the last decades of his life he reworked and extended many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750.

Bach enriched established German styles through his mastery of counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and his adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach's compositions include hundreds of cantatas, both sacred and secular. He composed Latin church music, Passions, oratorios, and motets. He often adopted Lutheran hymns, not only in his larger vocal works, but for instance also in his four-part chorales and his sacred songs. He wrote extensively for organ and for other keyboard instruments. He composed concertos, for instance for violin and for harpsichord, and suites, as chamber music as well as for orchestra. Many of his works employ the genres of canon and fugue.

Throughout the 18th century Bach was mostly renowned as an organist, while his keyboard music, such as The Well-Tempered Clavier, was appreciated for its didactic qualities. The 19th century saw the publication of some major Bach biographies, and by the end of that century all of his known music had been printed. Dissemination of scholarship on the composer continued through periodicals and websites exclusively devoted to him, and other publications such as the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (BWV, a numbered catalogue of his works) and new critical editions of his compositions. His music was further popularised through a multitude of arrangements, including for instance the Air on the G String, and of recordings, for instance three different box sets with complete performances of the composer's works marking the 250th anniversary of his death.

Perhaps more than any other composer, Bach’s music has the power to affect our lives. The masterpieces featured here include secular and sacred works for ensembles, soloists and choirs and express emotions from joy to sadness and peace. Artists include John Eliot Gardiner, Hélène Grimaud, David Oistrakh and many more.

Works

Bach, J S: Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F Major, BWV1047
Bach, J S: Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 in G Major, BWV1048
Bach, J S: Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 in G major, BWV1049
Bach, J S: Cantata BWV106 'Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit' (Actus tragicus)
Bach, J S: Cantata BWV140 'Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme'
Bach, J S: Cantata BWV147 'Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben'
Bach, J S: Cello Suite No. 1 in G major, BWV1007
Bach, J S: Chorale Prelude BWV645 'Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme'
Bach, J S: Concerto for Two Violins in D minor, BWV1043
Bach, J S: Goldberg Variations, BWV988
Bach, J S: Mass in B minor, BWV232
Bach, J S: Orchestral Suite No. 2 in B minor, BWV1067
Bach, J S: Orchestral Suite No. 3 in D major, BWV1068
Bach, J S: Partita for solo violin No. 2 in D minor, BWV1004
Bach, J S: Partita for solo violin No. 3 in E major, BWV1006
Bach, J S: Partita No. 1 in B flat major, BWV825
Bach, J S: Partita No. 2 in C minor, BWV826
Bach, J S: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1
Bach, J S: Toccata & Fugue in D minor, BWV565
Bach, J S: Trio Sonata No. 1 in E flat major, BWV525

Conductors

Gardiner, Sir John Eliot
Goebel, Reinhard
Goossens, Eugene
Richter, Karl

Groups & Artists

Argenta, Nancy
Argerich, Martha
Chance, Michael
English Baroque Soloists
English Concert, The
Fournier, Pierre
Gavrilov, Andrei
Grimaud, Hélène
Johnson, Anthony Rolfe
Koopman, Ton
Milstein, Nathan
Mintz, Shlomo
Monteverdi Choir
Münchener Bach-Chor
Münchener Bach-Orchester
Musica Antiqua Köln
Oistrakh, David
Oistrakh, Igor
Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
Pinnock, Trevor
Pires, Maria João
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Steele-Perkins, Crispian
Varcoe, Stephen
Walcha, Helmut
Tracklist:
1. The English Concert – Brandenburg Concerto No.3 In G Major, BWV 1048 : 1. (Allegro) (05:50)
2. Orpheus Chamber Orchestra – Orchestral Suite No. 3 in D Major, BWV 1068 : 2. Air (04:40)
3. Hélène Grimaud – Das Wohltemperierte Klavier: Book 1, BWV 846-869 : Prelude and Fugue No.1 in C Major, BWV 846 (02:48)
4. Musica Antiqua Köln – Orchestral Suite No.2 In B Minor, BWV 1067 : 8. Badinerie (01:26)
5. Shlomo Mintz – Partita For Violin Solo No.3 In E Major, BWV 1006 : 1. Preludio (03:57)
6. Münchener Bach-Orchester – Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme, Cantata BWV 140 : 1. "Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme" (09:43)
7. Andrei Gavrilov – Aria mit 30 Veränderungen, BWV 988 "Goldberg Variationen" : Aria (04:52)
8. David Oistrakh – Double Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D Minor, BWV 1043 : 2. Largo ma non tanto (07:38)
9. Pierre Fournier – Cello Suite No.1 In G Major, BWV 1007 : 1. Prélude (02:51)
10. Maria João Pires – Partita No. 1 in B-Flat Major, BWV 825 : I. Praeludium (02:01)
11. English Baroque Soloists – Mass In B Minor, BWV 232 : 3. Sanctus (05:26)
12. English Baroque Soloists – Matthäus-Passion, BWV 244 / Erster Teil : 1. "Kommt, ihr Töchter, helft mir klagen" (06:57)
13. Helmut Walcha – Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme, BWV 645 (04:19)
14. English Baroque Soloists – Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben, BWV 147 : 10. Choral: "Jesus bleibet meine Freude" (02:31)
15. English Baroque Soloists – Matthäus-Passion, BWV 244 / Zweiter Teil : 39. "Erbarme dich" (06:46)
16. English Baroque Soloists – Matthäus-Passion, BWV 244 / Zweiter Teil : 54. "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden" (01:49)
17. English Baroque Soloists – Matthäus-Passion, BWV 244 / Zweiter Teil : 68. "Wir setzen uns mit Tränen nieder" (05:09)
18. Nancy Argenta – Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit, BWV 106 "Actus Tragicus" : No.2 a-d "Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit" … "Es ist der alte Bund" (07:55)
19. Helmut Walcha – Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 : 1.Toccata (02:36)
20. Helmut Walcha – Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 : 2.Fugue (06:53)
21. Musica Antiqua Köln – Brandenburg Concerto No.4 In G Major, BWV 1049 : 3. Presto (04:20)
22. Nathan Milstein – Partita For Violin Solo No.2 In D Minor, BWV 1004 : 5. Ciaccona (14:00)
23. Martha Argerich – Partita No.2 In C Minor, BWV 826 : 6. Capriccio (03:10)
24. Ton Koopman – Sonata No.1 In E-Flat Major, BWV 525 : 1. — (02:53)
25. Musica Antiqua Köln – Brandenburg Concerto No.2 In F Major, BWV 1047 : 3. Allegro assai (02:35)

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